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Towards a Model Based Sensor Measurement Variance Input for Extended Kalman Filter State Estimation

Pointon, HAG, McLoughlin, BJ, Matthews, C and Bezombes, F (2019) Towards a Model Based Sensor Measurement Variance Input for Extended Kalman Filter State Estimation. Drones, 3 (1). ISSN 2504-446X

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Abstract

In this paper, we present an alternate method for the generation and implementation of the sensor measurement variance used in an Extended Kalman Filter (EKF). Furthermore, it demonstrates the limitations of a conventional EKF implementation and postulates an alternate form for representing the sensor measurement variance by extending and improving the characterisation methodology presented in the previous work. As presented in earlier work, the use of surveying grade optical measurement instruments allows for a more effective characterisation of Ultra-Wide Band (UWB) localisation sensors; however, in cluttered environments, the sensor measurement variance will change, making this method not robust. To compensate for the noisier readings, an EKF using a model based sensor measurement variance was developed. This approach allows for a more accurate representation of the sensor measurement variance and leads to a more robust state estimation system. Simulations were run using synthetic data in order to test the effectiveness of the EKF against the originally developed EKF; next, the new EKF was compared to the original EKF using real world data. The new EKF was shown to function much more stably and consistently in less ideal environments for UWB deployment than the previous version.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: General Engineering Research Institute
Maritime and Mechanical Engineering
Publisher: MDPI
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2019 12:07
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2019 12:10
DOI or Identification number: 10.3390/drones3010019
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10168

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