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The Influence of Porosity on Fatigue Crack Initiation in Additively Manufactured Titanium Components

Tammas-Williams, S, Withers, PJ, Todd, I and Prangnell, PB (2017) The Influence of Porosity on Fatigue Crack Initiation in Additively Manufactured Titanium Components. Scientific Reports, 7. ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

Without post-manufacture HIPing the fatigue life of electron beam melting (EBM) additively manufactured parts is currently dominated by the presence of porosity, exhibiting large amounts of scatter. Here we have shown that the size and location of these defects is crucial in determining the fatigue life of EBM Ti-6Al-4V samples. X-ray computed tomography has been used to characterise all the pores in fatigue samples prior to testing and to follow the initiation and growth of fatigue cracks. This shows that the initiation stage comprises a large fraction of life (>70%). In these samples the initiating defect was often some way from being the largest (merely within the top 35% of large defects). Using various ranking strategies including a range of parameters, we found that when the proximity to the surface and the pore aspect ratio were included the actual initiating defect was within the top 3% of defects ranked most harmful. This lays the basis for considering how the deposition parameters can be optimised to ensure that the distribution of pores is tailored to the distribution of applied stresses in additively manufactured parts to maximise the fatigue life for a given loading cycle.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Science & Technology; Multidisciplinary Sciences; Science & Technology - Other Topics; BEAM MELTING EBM; MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES; MELTED TI-6AL-4V; ALUMINUM-ALLOY; ELECTRON; MICROSTRUCTURE; BEHAVIOR; DEFECTS; TEXTURE; PERFORMANCE
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Maritime and Mechanical Engineering
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2019 08:08
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2019 16:20
DOI or Identification number: 10.1038/s41598-017-06504-5
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10264

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