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Last Neanderthals in the warmest refugium of Europe: Palynological data from Vanguard Cave

Carrión, JS, Ochando, J, Fernández, S, Blasco, R, Rosell, J, Munuera, M, Amorós, G, Martín-Lerma, I, Finlayson, S, Giles, F, Jennings, RP, Finlayson, G, Giles-Pacheco, F, Rodríguez-Vidal, J and Finlayson, C (2018) Last Neanderthals in the warmest refugium of Europe: Palynological data from Vanguard Cave. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 259. pp. 63-80. ISSN 0034-6667

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Abstract

This paper presents pollen analyses on hyaena coprolites from Vanguard Cave, Gibraltar, with the aim of depicting the vegetation landscapes of the southern Iberian Neanderthals during the MIS 3. The Palaeolithic vegetation in the surroundings included pine, oak, juniper, Pistacia, and mixed woodlands, savannahs, riverine forest patches, heliophytic matorrals, rocky scrub with chamaephytes and hemicryptophytes, grasslands with heaths, shrubby grasslands, steppe-like saltmarshes, and littoral vegetation. We compare our results to those of previous palaeobotanical study in the adjacent Gorham's Cave providing data for the MIS 3 and MIS 2. Placing the palaeobotanical records of Vanguard and Gorham's Caves in European context, the southern coasts of Iberia emerge as the most thermic refugium of the Late Quaternary, which has important implications for existing arguments about the long survival of Neanderthals in the Iberian Peninsula. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0403 Geology
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2019 12:23
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2019 12:23
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2018.09.007
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10340

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