Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Anthropogenic noise reduces bird species richness and diversity in urban parks

Perillo, A, Mazzoni, LG, Figueiredo Passos, L, Goulart, VDLR, Duca, C and Young, RJ (2017) Anthropogenic noise reduces bird species richness and diversity in urban parks. Ibis, 159 (3). pp. 638-646. ISSN 0019-1019

[img]
Preview
Text
Anthropogenic noise reduces bird species richness and diversity in urban parks.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (936kB) | Preview

Abstract

Anthropogenic noise is becoming more prevalent in the world and has been shown to affect many animal species, including birds. The impact of such noise was measured in Neotropical urban parks to assess how the noise affects avifauna diversity and species richness. We sampled bird species, and concurrently measured sound pressure (noise) levels (Leq, equivalent noise levels) in eight urban green areas or parks located in a large city (Belo Horizonte) in south‐eastern Brazil over a 1‐year period. The diversity of sampled points was measured by means of total species richness, Fisher's alpha and Shannon–Wiener diversity indices. Noise levels within all parks were greater than those in natural areas. We found that an increase in noise levels and the area of open habitats surrounding sampling points were negatively related to species richness. Social factors reflecting increased urbanization, such as higher incomes, were also negatively correlated with bird species richness. However, noise was the factor that explained most of the variance. These results suggest that anthropogenic noise can have a significant negative impact on the conservation value of urban parks for bird species.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Perillo, A. , Mazzoni, L. G., Passos, L. F., Goulart, V. D., Duca, C. and Young, R. J. (2017), Anthropogenic noise reduces bird species richness and diversity in urban parks. Ibis, 159: 638-646, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ibi.12481. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0608 Zoology, 0806 Information Systems, 0602 Ecology
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: Wiley
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2019 11:12
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2019 16:00
DOI or Identification number: 10.1111/ibi.12481
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10497

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item