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Is emotional intelligence impaired in ecstasy-polydrug users?

Craig, L and Fisk, JE and Montgomery, C and Murphy, PN and Wareing, M (2010) Is emotional intelligence impaired in ecstasy-polydrug users? JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY, 24 (2). pp. 221-231. ISSN 0269-8811

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Abstract

Previous findings report use of the drug ecstasy (MDMA) to be associated with lower emotional intelligence (EI), and compromised functioning in brain areas responsible for emotion. This study explored the relationship between ecstasy use, EI, mood and parenting styles. Questionnaire
measures of drug use, lifestyle, parenting style and EI were obtained, with separate IQ measures for fluid intelligence (Ravens matrices) and premorbid intelligence [National Adult Reading Test (NART)]. Current mood
measures were obtained from an adjective checklist. The sample comprised 78 ecstasy/polydrug users, 38 cannabis only users and 34 non-drug users. Drug use was categorised at three levels (non-user, cannabis-only user and
ecstasy-polydrug user). Factorial ANOVA using drug use as an independent variable showed no significant group effects in EI. EI showed significant correlations with current mood that were positive for arousal and negative for both anxiety and depression. EI was also significantly and positively correlated with the perceived degree of parental control. Regression analyses showed that these relationships remained significant after controlling for differences in IQ, age, gender, and ecstasy use. Adverse
mood effects specifically associated with ecstasy use were significantly related to lower EI, and were independent of IQ, age and gender. Higher EI was significantly associated with ecstasy-related precautions used when taking this drug. Contrary to earlier findings, ecstasy-polydrug users did not differ from non-users on EI. However, self-reported ecstasy-related mood disturbances were related to lower EI, with the compromising of orbitofrontal cortical functioning being possible here.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 11 Medical And Health Sciences, 17 Psychology And Cognitive Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 15 May 2015 10:58
Last Modified: 15 May 2015 10:58
DOI or Identification number: 10.1177/0269881108095713
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/1095

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