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Everyday memory deficits in ecstasy-polydrug users

Montgomery, C and Fisk, JE (2007) Everyday memory deficits in ecstasy-polydrug users. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY, 21 (7). pp. 709-717. ISSN 0269-8811

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Abstract

Rationale/Objectives: Recent research suggests that not only does the use of recreational drugs impact working memory functioning, but more “everyday” aspects of memory (e.g. remembering to do something in the future) are also affected. Methods: Forty-three ecstasy-polydrug users and 51 non-ecstasy users were recruited from a university population. Each participant completed the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ) and Everyday Memory Questionnaire (EMQ). Of these, 28 ecstasy-polydrug users and 35 non-ecstasy users completed the Prospective Memory Questionnaire (PMQ). In addition, an objective measure of cognitive failures (the CFQ-for-others) was completed by friends of participants. Results: There was a main effect of ecstasy-polydrug use on CFQ, EMQ, CFQ-for-others, Long-Term (LT) PM and internally cued PM scores. These were slightly attenuated following control for working memory capacity. Correlations were found between the different indicators of everyday memory and various measures of illicit drug use. Cannabis featured prominently in this respect. In addition, all ecstasy-related deficits were reduced to below statistical significance following control for cannabis use. Conclusions: The present study provides further support for cannabis related deficits in aspects of everyday memory functioning. Ecstasy may also be associated with cognitive slips, but not to the same extent as cannabis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 11 Medical And Health Sciences, 17 Psychology And Cognitive Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 15 May 2015 13:59
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2015 13:57
DOI or Identification number: 10.1177/0269881107077220
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/1104

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