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Impaired hypertrophy in myoblasts is improved with testosterone administration

Deane, CD and Hughes, DC and Sculthorpe, N and Lewis, MP and Stewart, CE and Sharples, AP (2013) Impaired hypertrophy in myoblasts is improved with testosterone administration. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 138. pp. 152-161. ISSN 1879-1220

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Abstract

We investigated the ability of testosterone (T) to restore differentiation in multiple population doubled (PD) murine myoblasts, previously shown to have reduced differentiation in monolayer and bioengineered skeletal muscle cultures vs. their parental controls (CON) (Sharples et al., 2011, 2012 [7] and [26]). Cells were exposed to low serum conditions in the presence or absence of T (100 nM) ± PI3K inhibitor (LY294002) for 72 h and 7 days (early and late muscle differentiation respectively). Morphological analyses were performed to determine myotube number, diameter (μm) and myonuclear accretion as indices of differentiation and myotube hypertrophy. Changes in gene expression for myogenin, mTOR and myostatin were also performed. Myotube diameter in CON and PD cells increased from 17.32 ± 2.56 μm to 21.02 ± 1.89 μm and 14.58 ± 2.66 μm to 18.29 ± 3.08 μm (P ≤ 0.05) respectively after 72 h of T exposure. The increase was comparable in both PD (+25%) and CON cells (+21%) suggesting a similar intrinsic ability to respond to exogenous T administration. T treatment also significantly increased myonuclear accretion (% of myotubes expressing 5+ nuclei) in both cell types after 7 days exposure (P ≤ 0.05). Addition of PI3K inhibitor (LY294002) in the presence of T attenuated these effects in myotube morphology (in both cell types) suggesting a role for the PI3K pathway in T stimulated hypertrophy. Finally, PD myoblasts showed reduced responsiveness to T stimulated mRNA expression of mTOR vs. CON cells and T also reduced myostatin expression in PD myoblasts only. The present study demonstrates testosterone administration improves hypertrophy in myoblasts that basally display impaired differentiation and hypertrophic capacity vs. their parental controls, the action of testosterone in this model was mediated by PI3K/Akt pathway.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2015 13:47
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 06:05
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2013.05.005.
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/1372

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