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Is Acceleration Used for Ocular Pursuit and Spatial Estimation during Prediction Motion?

Bennett, SJ and Benguigui, N (2013) Is Acceleration Used for Ocular Pursuit and Spatial Estimation during Prediction Motion? PLOS ONE, 8 (5). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

Here we examined ocular pursuit and spatial estimation in a linear prediction motion task that emphasized extrapolation of occluded accelerative object motion. Results from the ocular response up to occlusion showed that there was evidence in the eye position, velocity and acceleration data that participants were attempting to pursue the moving object in accord with the veridical motion properties. They then attempted to maintain ocular pursuit of the randomly-ordered accelerative object motion during occlusion but this was not ideal, and resulted in undershoot of eye position and velocity at the moment of object reappearance. In spatial estimation there was a general bias, with participants less likely to report object reappearance being behind than ahead of the expected position. In addition, participants’ spatial estimation did not take into account the effects of object acceleration. Logistic regression indicated that spatial estimation was best predicted for the majority of participants by the difference between actual object reappearance position and an extrapolation based on pre-occlusion velocity. In combination, and in light of previous work, we interpret these findings as showing that eye movements are scaled in accord with the effects of object acceleration but do not directly specify information for accurate spatial estimation in prediction motion.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: MD Multidisciplinary
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Public Library of Science
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Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2015 08:06
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2015 08:06
DOI or Identification number: 10.1371/journal.pone.0063382
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/1417

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