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The Use of Patterns to Disguise Environmental Cues During an Anticipatory Judgment Task

Causer, J and Williams, AM and McRobert, A (2015) The Use of Patterns to Disguise Environmental Cues During an Anticipatory Judgment Task. JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 37 (1). pp. 74-82. ISSN 0895-2779

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Abstract

A number of novel manipulations to the design of playing uniforms were used to try to disguise the actions of penalty takers in soccer. Skilled and less-skilled soccer goalkeepers were required to anticipate penalty kick outcome while their opponent wore one of three different uniform designs that were intended to disguise the availability of potentially key information from the hip region. Variations of shapes/patterns were designed to conceal the actual alignment of the hips. Three occlusion points were used in the test film: -160 ms, -80 ms before, and at foot-ball contact. Skilled individuals reported higher accuracy scores than their less-skilled counterparts (p < .05). There were no performance decrements for the less-skilled group across the different uniform conditions (p > .05); however, the skilled group decreased their accuracy on the experimental conditions compared with the control (p < .05). Findings highlight the potential benefits of designing playing uniforms that facilitate disguise in sport.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: As accepted for publication
Uncontrolled Keywords: 11 Medical And Health Sciences, 13 Education, 17 Psychology And Cognitive Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Human Kinetics
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2016 10:16
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2016 10:16
DOI or Identification number: 10.1123/jsep.2014-0200
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2059

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