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Contextual Interference Effect on Perceptual-Cognitive Skills Training

Broadbent, DP and Causer, J and Ford, PR and Williams, AM (2015) Contextual Interference Effect on Perceptual-Cognitive Skills Training. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 47 (6). pp. 1243-1250. ISSN 0195-9131

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION:
Contextual interference (CI) effect predicts that a random order of practice for multiple skills is superior for learning compared to a blocked order. We report a novel attempt to examine the CI effect during acquisition and transfer of anticipatory judgments from simulation training to an applied sport situation.
METHOD:
Participants were required to anticipate tennis shots under either a random practice schedule or a blocked practice schedule. Response accuracy was recorded for both groups in pretest, during acquisition, and on a 7-d retention test. Transfer of learning was assessed through a field-based tennis protocol that attempted to assess performance in an applied sport setting.
RESULTS:
The random practice group had significantly higher response accuracy scores on the 7-d laboratory retention test compared to the blocked group. Moreover, during the transfer of anticipatory judgments to an applied sport situation, the decision times of the random practice group were significantly lower compared to the blocked group.
CONCLUSION:
The CI effect extends to the training of anticipatory judgments through simulation techniques. Furthermore, we demonstrate for the first time that the CI effect increases transfer of learning from simulation training to an applied sport task, highlighting the importance of using appropriate practice schedules during simulation training.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, v.47(6), pp.1243-50
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
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Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2016 10:29
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 13:15
DOI or Identification number: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000530
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2060

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