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An exploratory study of sexual harassment in Pakistani organizations

Ali, F and Kramar, R (2015) An exploratory study of sexual harassment in Pakistani organizations. ASIA PACIFIC JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT, 32 (1). pp. 229-249. ISSN 0217-4561

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Abstract

Despite prior research on the influence of national regulatory and cultural factors on sexual harassment (SH) at the workplace, few studies have examined SH, its impact on victims and redress processes in Muslim majority countries (MMCs) such as Pakistan. This study uses neo-institutional theory to develop a more comprehensive framework to explore SH experienced by women at the workplace in Pakistan. Qualitative methodology is adopted to examine employees’ and managers’ perceptions of SH. Drawing on interviews with working women and human resource managers in six Pakistani organisations, the study demonstrates that even when there are formal policies designed to prevent SH, cultural factors influence policy implementation. It reveals that there is a tension between traditional culture and behaviour consistent with SH policies in the workplace. The study identifies three major factors which influence SH redressal; these are socio-cultural factors (e.g. female modesty), institutional factors (e.g. inappropriate redress procedures), and managerial expertise/ bias.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10490-014-9380-1
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1503 Business And Management, 1505 Marketing
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Divisions: Liverpool Business School
Publisher: SPRINGER
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2015 11:40
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 13:14
DOI or Identification number: 10.1007/s10490-014-9380-1
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2200

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