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Sustainable bike-sharing systems: characteristics and commonalities across cases in urban China

Zhang, L and Zhang, J and Duan, Z-Y and Bryde, DJ (2014) Sustainable bike-sharing systems: characteristics and commonalities across cases in urban China. Journal of Cleaner Production. ISSN 0959-6526

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Abstract

Bicycles are a desirable form of transportation for many reasons, including the fact that taking a bicycle is environmentally-friendly, economically cost-effective, a way to keep fit and healthy and, on occasions, an enjoyable social activity. This paper explores the characteristics and commonalities between particular bike-sharing systems in urban areas, with a view to deriving influences on the sustainability of such systems. The empirical study is China and the paper analyses bike-sharing systems in five Chinese cities. China is suffering from the severe negative consequences of high private vehicle usage in large and densely populated cities. Nevertheless a long history of bicycle usage in the country provides great potential for such a green form of travel to be part of public and private transportation. The findings show that bike-sharing systems have varying degrees of success. The configurations which seem the most sustainable consider and integrate elements relating to transport planning, system design and choice of business model. Key conclusions are that those responsible for developing policy and practices in relation to bike-sharing systems need to understand the diverse aspects of value for the stakeholders wishing to engage with such a system. Public bicycle sharing, as a Product Service System, needs to be carefully developed to appreciate the quality and timely interplay between the physical design of the system and the provision of services being offered. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Cleaner Production. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Cleaner Production, DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.04.006
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0907 Environmental Engineering, 0910 Manufacturing Engineering, 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Liverpool Business School
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2015 14:51
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2015 23:50
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.04.006
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/225

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