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Climate Change and Future Long Term Trends of Rainfall at North-eastern Part of Iraq

AL-Ansari, NA and Abdellatif, M and Ezeelden, M and Ali, SS and Knutsson, S (2014) Climate Change and Future Long Term Trends of Rainfall at North-eastern Part of Iraq. Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 8 (6). pp. 790-805. ISSN 1934-7367

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Abstract

Iraq is facing water shortage problem despite the presence of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. In this research, long rainfall trends up to the year 2099 were studied in Sulaimani city northeast Iraq to give an idea about future prospects. The medium high (A2) and medium low B2 scenarios have been used for purpose of this study as they are more likely than others scenarios, that beside the fact that no climate modeling canter has performed GCM (global climate model) simulations for more than a few emissions scenarios (HadCM3 has only these two scenarios) otherwise pattern scaling can be used for generating different scenarios which entail a huge uncertainty. The results indicate that the average annual rainfall shows a significant downward trend for both A2 and B2 scenarios. In addition, winter projects increase/decrease in the daily rainfall statistics of wet days, the spring season show very slight drop and no change for both scenarios. However, both summer and autumn shows a significant reduction in maximum rainfall value especially in 2080s while the other statistics remain nearly the same. The extremes events are to decrease slightly in 2080s with highest decrease associated with A2 scenario. This is due to the fact that rainfall under scenario A2 is more significant than under scenario B2. The return period of a certain rainfall will increase in the future when a present storm of 20 year could occur once every 43 year in the 2080s. An increase in the frequency of extreme rainfall depends on several factors such as the return period, season of the year, the period considered as well as the emission scenario used.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Built Environment
Publisher: David Publishing
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2015 14:39
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2015 14:39
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2346

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