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The relationship between objectification theory and muscle dysmorphia characteristics in men

Heath, B and Tod, D and Kannis-Dymand, L and Lovell, G (2015) The relationship between objectification theory and muscle dysmorphia characteristics in men. Psychology of Men and Masculinity. ISSN 1939-151X

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Abstract

Objectification theory has yielded mixed results when utilized to explain male’s body image concerns. This study investigated whether a revised model of objectification theory would represent the processes associated with male’s engagement in muscle dysmorphia characteristics. Specifically the mediating role of body shame, which has previously been used to explain the psychological consequences of self-objectification among women, was substituted for muscular dissatisfaction to capture the male experience. A sample of 257 male (Mage = 29.7, SD = 11.2), the majority from Australia, completed an online questionnaire assessing measures of internalization of the mesomorphic ideal, body surveillance, self-objectification, muscular dissatisfaction, and muscle dysmorphia characteristics. Path analyses were used to investigate the relationships among these variables. Results indicated that internalization of the mesomorphic ideal mediated body surveillance through self-objectification; consistent with previous research on objectification theory. Muscular dissatisfaction mediated the link of body surveillance with muscle dysmorphia characteristics. Additionally, muscular dissatisfaction mediated the link between internalization of the mesomorphic ideal and muscle dysmorphia characteristics. Taken together, these findings support the utility of objectification theory in understanding the processes under which muscle dysmorphia characteristics are likely to emerge.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1701 Psychology
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2015 10:12
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 09:04
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2457

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