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A hypomorphic Cbx3 allele causes prenatal growth restriction and perinatal energy homeostasis defects

Aydin, E and Kloos, D-P and Gay, E and Jonker, W and Hu, L and Bullwinkel, J and Brown, JP and Manukyan, M and Giera, M and Singh, PB and Fundele, R (2015) A hypomorphic Cbx3 allele causes prenatal growth restriction and perinatal energy homeostasis defects. JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES, 40 (2). pp. 325-338. ISSN 0250-5991

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Abstract

Mammals have three HP1 protein isotypes HP1β (CBX1), HP1γ (CBX3) and HP1α (CBX5) that are encoded by the corresponding genes Cbx1, Cbx3 and Cbx5. Recent work has shown that reduction of CBX3 protein in homozygotes for a hypomorphic allele (Cbx3 hypo) causes a severe postnatal mortality with around 99% of the homozygotes dying before weaning. It is not known what the causes of the postnatal mortality are. Here we show that Cbx3 hypo/hypo conceptuses are significantly reduced in size and the placentas exhibit a haplo-insufficiency. Late gestation Cbx3 hypo/hypo placentas have reduced mRNA transcripts for genes involved in growth regulation, amino acid and glucose transport. Blood vessels within the Cbx3 hypo/hypo placental labyrinth are narrower than wild-type. Newborn Cbx3 hypo/hypo pups are hypoglycemic, the livers are depleted of glycogen reserves and there is almost complete loss of stored lipid in brown adipose tissue (BAT). There is a 10-fold reduction in expression of the BAT-specific Ucp1 gene, whose product is responsible for non-shivering themogenesis. We suggest that it is the small size of the Cbx3 hypo/hypo neonates, a likely consequence of placental growth and transport defects, combined with a possible inability to thermoregulate that causes the severe postnatal mortality.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 06 Biological Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: Indian Academy of Sciences
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Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2016 09:22
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2016 09:22
DOI or Identification number: 10.1007/s12038-015-9520-x
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2555

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