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Artificial Intelligence for Detecting Preterm Uterine Activity in Gynacology and Obstertric Care

Idowu, IO and Fergus, P and Hussain, A and Dobbins, C and Khalaf, M and Casana Eslava, R and Keight, R (2015) Artificial Intelligence for Detecting Preterm Uterine Activity in Gynacology and Obstertric Care. In: 2015 IEEE International Conference on Computer and Information Technology; Ubiquitous Computing and Communications; Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing; Pervasive Intelligence and Computing (CIT/IUCC/DASC/PICOM) . pp. 215-220. (15th IEEE International Conference on Computer and Information Technology (CIT’15), 26 October 2015 - 28 October 2015, Liverpool, UK).

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Abstract

Preterm birth brings considerable emotional and economic costs to families and society. However, despite extensive research into understanding the risk factors, the prediction of patient mechanisms and improvements to obstetrical practice, the UK National Health Service still annually spends more than £2.95 billion on this issue. Diagnosis of labour in normal pregnancies is important for minimizing unnecessary hospitalisations, interventions and expenses. Moreover, accurate identification of spontaneous preterm labour would also allow clinicians to start necessary treatments early in women with true labour and avert unnecessary treatment and hospitalisation for women who are simply having preterm contractions, but who are not in true labour. In this research, the Electrohysterography signals have been used to detect preterm births, because Electrohysterography signals provide a strong basis for objective prediction and diagnosis of preterm birth. This has been achieved using an open dataset, which contains 262 records for women who delivered at term and 38 who delivered prematurely. Three different machine learning algorithm were used to identify these records. The results illustrate that the Random Forest performed the best of sensitivity 97%, specificity of 85%, Area under the Receiver Operator curve (AUROC) of 94% and mean square error rate of 14%.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Divisions: Computer Science
Publisher: IEEE
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2016 13:21
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2016 13:21
DOI or Identification number: 10.1109/CIT/IUCC/DASC/PICOM.2015.31
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2582

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