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Fitness and Adiposity Are Independently Associated with Cardiometabolic Risk in Youth

Buchan, DS and Young, JD and Boddy, LM and Malina, RM and Baker, JS (2013) Fitness and Adiposity Are Independently Associated with Cardiometabolic Risk in Youth. BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL, 2013. pp. 1-6. ISSN 2314-6133

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Abstract

Purpose. The purpose of the study was to examine the independent associations of adiposity and cardiorespiratory fitness with clustered cardiometabolic risk. Methods. A cross-sectional sample of 192 adolescents (118 boys), aged 14–16 years, was recruited from a South Lanarkshire school in the West of Scotland. Anthropometry and blood pressure were measured, and blood samples were taken. The 20 m multistage fitness test was the indicator of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). A clustered cardiometabolic risk score was constructed from HDL-C (inverted), LDL-C, HOMA, systolic blood pressure, and triglycerides. Interleukin-6, C-reactive protein, and adiponectin were also measured and examined relative to the clustered cardiometabolic risk score, CRF, and adiposity. Results. Although significant, partial correlations between BMI and waist circumference (WC) and both CRF and adiponectin were negative and weak to moderate, while correlations between the BMI and WC and CRP were positive but weak to moderate. Weak to moderate negative associations were also evident for adiponectin with CRP, IL-6, and clustered cardiometabolic risk. WC was positively associated while CRF was negatively associated with clustered cardiometabolic risk. With the additional adjustment for either WC or CRF, the independent associations with cardiometabolic risk persisted. Conclusion. WC and CRF are independently associated with clustered cardiometabolic risk in Scottish adolescents

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Science & Technology; Life Sciences & Biomedicine; Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology; Medicine, Research & Experimental; Research & Experimental Medicine; C-REACTIVE PROTEIN; BODY-MASS INDEX; METABOLIC SYNDROME; CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS; CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE; PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY; OBESE CHILDREN; INSULIN-RESISTANCE; AEROBIC FITNESS; HEART-DISEASE
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: HINDAWI PUBLISHING CORPORATION
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2016 09:12
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2016 09:13
DOI or Identification number: 10.1155/2013/261698
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2722

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