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Glacial landscape evolution in the Uummannaq region, West Greenland

Lane, TP and Roberts, DH and Rea, BR and Ó Cofaigh, C and Vieli, A (2015) Glacial landscape evolution in the Uummannaq region, West Greenland. Boreas. ISSN 1502-3885

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Abstract

The Uummannaq region is a mosaic of glacial landsystems, consistent with hypothesised landscape distribution resulting from variations in subglacial thermal regime. The region is dominated by selective linear erosion which has spatially and altitudinally partitioned the landscape. Low altitude areas are dominated by glacial scour, with higher elevations are dominated by plateaux or mountain valley and cirque glaciers. The appearance and nature of each landscape type varies locally with altitude and latitude, as a function of bedrock geology and average glacial conditions. Selective linear erosion has been a primary control on landscape distribution throughout Uummannaq, leading to plateau formation and the growth of a coalescent fjord system in the Uummannaq region. This has allowed the development of the Uummannaq ice stream’s (UIS) onset zone during glacial periods. Fjord development has been enhanced by a down-stream change in geology to less-resistant lithologies, increasing erosional efficiency and allowing a single glacial channel to develop, encouraging glacier convergence and the initiation of ice streaming. The landscape has been affected by several periods of regional uplift from 33 Ma to present, and has been subject to subsequent fluvial and glacial erosion. Uplift has removed surfaces from the impact of widespread warm-based glaciation, leaving them as relict landsurfaces. The result of this is a regional altitude-dependant continuum of glacial modification, with extreme differences in erosion between high and low elevation surfaces. This study indicates that processes of long-term uplift, glacial erosion/protection, and spatial variability in erosion intensity have produced a highly partitioned landscape.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted version of the following article: "Glacial landscape evolution in the Uummannaq region, West Greenland", which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi/org/10.1111/bor.12150
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0402 Geochemistry, 0403 Geology, 0404 Geophysics
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: Wiley
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2016 10:17
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2016 00:50
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2833

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