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The application of molecular modelling in the safety assessment of chemicals: A case study on ligand-dependent PPARγ dysregulation.

Al Sharif, M and Tsakovska, I and Pajeva, I and Alov, P and Fioravanzo, E and Bassan, A and Kovarich, S and Yang, C and Mostrag-Szlichtyng, A and Vitcheva, V and Worth, AP and Richarz, AN and Cronin, MTD (2016) The application of molecular modelling in the safety assessment of chemicals: A case study on ligand-dependent PPARγ dysregulation. Toxicology. ISSN 1879-3185

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Abstract

The aim of this paper was to provide a proof of concept demonstrating that molecular modelling methodologies can be employed as a part of an integrated strategy to support toxicity prediction consistent with the mode of action/adverse outcome pathway (MoA/AOP) framework. To illustrate the role of molecular modelling in predictive toxicology, a case study was undertaken in which molecular modelling methodologies were employed to predict the activation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated nuclear receptor γ (PPARγ) as a potential molecular initiating event (MIE) for liver steatosis. A stepwise procedure combining different in silico approaches (virtual screening based on docking and pharmacophore filtering, and molecular field analysis) was developed to screen for PPARγ full agonists and to predict their transactivation activity (EC50). The performance metrics of the classification model to predict PPARγ full agonists were balanced accuracy=81%, sensitivity=85% and specificity=76%. The 3D QSAR model developed to predict EC50 of PPARγ full agonists had the following statistical parameters: q(2)cv=0.610, Nopt=7, SEPcv=0.505, r(2)pr=0.552. To support the linkage of PPARγ agonism predictions to prosteatotic potential, molecular modelling was combined with independently performed mechanistic mining of available in vivo toxicity data followed by ToxPrint chemotypes analysis. The approaches investigated demonstrated a potential to predict the MIE, to facilitate the process of MoA/AOP elaboration, to increase the scientific confidence in AOP, and to become a basis for 3D chemotype development.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1115 Pharmacology And Pharmaceutical Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1190 Toxicology. Poisions
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2016 10:31
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 12:14
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.tox.2016.01.009
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2875

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