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Non-disclosure of chronic kidney disease in primary care and the limits of instrumental rationality in chronic illness self-management

Daker-White, G and Rogers, A and Kennedy, A and Blakeman, T and Blickem, C and Chew-Graham, C (2015) Non-disclosure of chronic kidney disease in primary care and the limits of instrumental rationality in chronic illness self-management. SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE, 131. pp. 31-39. ISSN 0277-9536

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Abstract

Early detection of long term conditions is predicated on assumptions that lifestyle changes and medications can be used to reduce or manage the risk of condition progression. However, ambiguity remains about the nature and place of diagnostic disclosure to people in newly recognised or asymptomatic ‘pre’ conditions such as early stage chronic kidney disease (CKD). The disclosure of a diagnosis is relevant to instigating strategies which rely on actively engaging patients as self-managers of their own care. Whilst primary care routinely records a diagnosis of early stage CKD, little is known about how patients learn about the fact that they have CKD or how they respond to this. This study aimed to explore patients' experiences of disclosure of CKD in primary care settings. A nested qualitative study of participants recruited to a trial of an intervention for CKD patients in Greater Manchester, UK was undertaken. A purposive sample of 26 patients, with a mean age of 72 years (range 59e89, median 71), were interviewed during 2012. Interview transcripts were analysed using constant comparative techniques. Narrative accounts reflected limited or partial disclosure of CKD; often cast in vague terms as “nothing to worry about”. How patients described themselves in terms of participation and their tendencies towards ‘active’ or ‘passive’ involvement in consultations emerged as important components of narratives around disclosure. The findings illuminate the ways in which diagnosis is oriented in a context where it is possible to meet the requirements for remuneration under a pay for performance system of primary care, whilst apparently not disclosing a label or a diagnosis to patients. This challenges the presumptions inherent in wider health policy objectives that are increasingly built on the notion of responsible patients and the ethos of the active support of self-management for pre-conditions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1117 Public Health And Health Services, 1601 Anthropology, 1608 Sociology
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Public Health Institute
Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2016 12:23
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2016 12:23
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.02.035
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2948

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