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Decreased recall of primacy words predicts cognitive decline.

Bruno, D and Reiss, PT and Petkova, E and Sidtis, JJ and Pomara, N (2013) Decreased recall of primacy words predicts cognitive decline. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 28 (2). pp. 95-103. ISSN 1873-5843

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Abstract

One of the cognitive changes associated with Alzheimer's disease is a diminution of the primacy effect, i.e., the tendency toward better recall of items studied early on a list compared with the rest. We examined whether learning and recall of primacy words predicted subsequent cognitive decline in 204 elderly subjects who were non-demented and cognitively intact when first examined. Our results show that poorer primacy performance in the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test delayed recall trials, but not in immediate recall trials, is an effective predictor of subsequent decline in general cognitive function. This pattern of performance can be interpreted as evidence that failure to consolidate primacy items is a marker of cognitive decline.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology following peer review. The version of record Arch Clin Neuropsychol (2013) 28 (2): 95-103 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acs116
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1109 Neurosciences, 1701 Psychology, 1702 Cognitive Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2016 15:12
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2016 15:12
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/arclin/acs116
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3047

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