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Sexual Dimorphism of the Fovea Capitis Femoris in a Medieval Population from Gloucester, England

Eliopoulos, C and Murton, N and Borrini, M (2015) Sexual Dimorphism of the Fovea Capitis Femoris in a Medieval Population from Gloucester, England. Global Journal of Anthropology Research, 2 (2). pp. 9-14. ISSN 2410-2806

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Abstract

Attempts to develop new methods of sex determination in forensic anthropology are constantly being made by researchers in the field. This paper investigates the potential of using an index of the fovea capitis femoris shape as a method of sex determination. The currently held belief is that variation within the fovea capitis is purely idiosyncratic. The study was carried out on a sample of 19 males and 19 females from the Gloucester skeletal collection housed at Liverpool John Moores University. Measurements of the maximum fovea capitis height and breadth were taken from both the left and right femora and converted into an index. It was found that while there was no significant difference in dimensions alone, there was a significant difference in index values between males and females for both the left (t(34) = 4.294, p < 0.001) and right (t(32) = 3.046. p = 0.05) fovea capitis. This method was found to have 78.1% accuracy in determining the sex of an individual. Therefore, we may now be able to state that variation of the fovea capitis is sexuallydimorphic and not exclusively idiosyncratic as first thought.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: Cosmos Scholars Publishing House
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2016 11:34
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2016 11:34
DOI or Identification number: 10.15379/2410-2806.2015.02.02.02
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3218

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