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A novel method for restoring the trajectory of the inland waterway ship by using AIS data

Sang, L-Z and Wall, A and Mao, Z and Yan, X-P and Wang, J (2015) A novel method for restoring the trajectory of the inland waterway ship by using AIS data. OCEAN ENGINEERING, 110. pp. 183-194. ISSN 0029-8018

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Abstract

The trajectory of the inland waterway ship is important and useful in analysing the features of the ship behaviour and simulating traffic flows. In the proposed research, a method is designed to restore the trajectory of an inland waterway ship based on the Automatic Identification System (AIS) data. Firstly, three rules are developed to identify and remove the inaccurate data, based on the reception range of the received AIS data and the manoeuvring characteristics of the inland waterway ship. Secondly, the method of restoring the full trajectory incorporating navigational features of the inland waterway ship is proposed to model the ship trajectory. The trajectory is characterised by three types (line, curve and arc) and five steps (line, curve, arc, curve and line) during the turning section. In order to validate the proposed method, the AIS data of two inland waterway ships collected from three AIS-base-stations is selected for the analysis, all inaccurate AIS data is identified and removed by the use of three cleansing rules. The results show that the three developed rules can effectively identify the inaccurate AIS data. The AIS data collected by an AIS-shipboard-unit is then used to: (1) restore the ship trajectory, and (2) validate the proposed method by comparing the reconstituted trajectories with the actual trajectory. This actual trajectory is determined from intermediate higher frequency Global Positioning System (GPS) data and collected from the AIS-shipboard-unit. The residual errors are calculated as the differences between the estimated latitude values of the restored trajectory functions and the real latitude values of the GPS data. Three alternative methods of trajectory restoring are also evaluated. The results show that the proposed method can be used to restore the full trajectory in an effective manner by using AIS data.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0905 Civil Engineering, 0911 Maritime Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Divisions: Maritime and Mechanical Engineering
Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2016 11:12
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2016 11:56
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2015.10.021
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3251

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