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Sex-Specific Effect of Recalled Parenting on Affective and Cognitive Empathy in Adulthood

Lyons, MT and Brewer, G and Bethell, EJ (2016) Sex-Specific Effect of Recalled Parenting on Affective and Cognitive Empathy in Adulthood. Current Psychology. ISSN 1046-1310

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Abstract

Previous research has demonstrated the influence of parenting on the development of children’s empathy. However, few studies have considered the impact of parents on empathy in adulthood, specific components of empathy, or the importance of parent and child biological sex. In the present study, 226 participants (71 men) completed online versions of the Parental Bonding Instrument (Parker et al. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 52, 1–10 1979), Empathy Quotient (Baron-Cohen and Wheelwright Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 163–175 2004), and Interpersonal Reactivity Index (Davis JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 10, 85 1980). Paternal care and overprotection influenced affective empathy in men, whilst maternal overprotection predicted affective empathy in women. Further, maternal care related to cognitive empathy in men, whilst none of the parental care variables related to cognitive empathy in women. Findings are discussed in relation to sex differences in childhood parenting experiences on adult cognitive and affective empathy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12144-015-9405-z
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1701 Psychology, 1702 Cognitive Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: Springer
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2016 14:27
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2016 14:27
DOI or Identification number: 10.1007/s12144-015-9405-z
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3310

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