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Can Trained Runners Effectively Attenuate Impact Acceleration During Repeated High-Intensity Running Bouts?

Clansey, AC and Lake, MJ and Wallace, ES and Feehally, T and Hanlon, M (2015) Can Trained Runners Effectively Attenuate Impact Acceleration During Repeated High-Intensity Running Bouts? Journal of Applied Biomechanics. ISSN 1543-2688

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of prolonged high intensity running on impact accelerations in trained runners. Thirteen male distance runners completed two 20-minute treadmill runs at speeds corresponding to 95% of onset of blood lactate accumulation. Leg and head accelerations were collected for 20 s every 4th minute. Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scores were recorded during the 3rd and last minute of each run. RPE responses increased (p < .001) from the start (11.8 ± 0.9, moderate intensity) of the first run to the end (17.7 ±1.5; very hard) of the second run. Runners maintained their leg impact acceleration, impact attenuation, stride length and stride frequency characteristics with prolonged run duration. However, a small (0.11-0.14g) but significant increase (p < .001) in head impact accelerations were observed at the end of both first and second runs. It was concluded that trained runners are able to control leg impact accelerations during sustained high-intensity running. Alongside the substantial increases in perceived exertion levels, running mechanics and frequency domain impact attenuation levels remained constant. This suggests that the present trained runners are able to cope from a mechanical perspective despite an increased physiological demand.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: as accepted for publication
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0903 Biomedical Engineering, 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science, 0913 Mechanical Engineering
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Human Kinetics
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2016 12:54
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2016 12:54
DOI or Identification number: 10.1123/jab.2015-0125
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3322

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