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Quiet eye training improves surgical knot tying more than traditional technical training: A randomized controlled study

Causer, J and Harvey, A and Snelgrove, R and Arsenault, G and Vickers, JN (2014) Quiet eye training improves surgical knot tying more than traditional technical training: A randomized controlled study. American Journal of Surgery, 208 (2). pp. 171-177. ISSN 0002-9610

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Abstract

Background We examined the effectiveness of technical training (TT) and quiet eye training (QE) on the performance of one-handed square knot tying in surgical residents. Methods Twenty surgical residents were randomly assigned to the 2 groups and completed pretest, training, retention, and transfer tests. Participants wore a mobile eye tracker that simultaneously recorded their gaze and hand movements. Dependent variables were knot tying performance (%), QE duration (%), number of fixations, total movement time (s), and hand movement phase time (s). Results The QE training group had significantly higher performance scores, a longer QE duration, fewer fixations, faster total knot tying times, and faster movement phase times compared with the TT group. The QE group maintained performance in the transfer test, whereas the TT group significantly decreased performance from retention to transfer. Conclusions QE training significantly improved learning, retention, and transfer of surgical knot tying compared with a traditional technical approach. Both performance effectiveness (performance outcome) and movement efficiency (hand movement times) were improved using QE modeling, instruction, and feedback. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1103 Clinical Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RD Surgery
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 05 May 2016 10:52
Last Modified: 05 May 2016 10:52
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.12.042
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3560

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