Maessen, MF and Verbeek, AL and Bakker, EA and Thompson, PD and Hopman, MT and Eijsvogels, TM (2016) Lifelong Exercise Patterns and Cardiovascular Health. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 91 (6). pp. 745-754. ISSN 1942-5546
Lifelong exercise patterns and cardiovascular health.pdf - Accepted Version
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OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between lifelong exercise dose and the prevalence of cardiovascular morbidity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From June 1, 2011, through December 31, 2014, 21,266 individuals completed an online questionnaire regarding their lifelong exercise patterns and cardiovascular health status. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) was defined as a diagnosis of myocardial infarction, stroke, or heart failure, and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) were defined as hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, or type 2 diabetes. Lifelong exercise patterns were measured over a median of 32 years for 405 patients with CVD, 1379 patients with CVRFs, and 10,656 controls. Participants were categorized into nonexercisers and quintiles (Q1-Q5) of exercise dose (metabolic equivalent task [MET] minutes per week). RESULTS: The CVD/CVRF prevalence was lower for each exercise quintile compared with nonexercisers (CVD: nonexercisers, 9.6% vs Q1: 4.4%, Q2: 2.8%, Q3: 2.4%, Q4: 3.6%, Q5: 3.9%; P<.001; CVRF: nonexercisers, 24.6% vs Q1: 13.8%, Q2: 10.2%, Q3: 9.0%, Q4: 9.4%, Q5: 12.0%; P<.001). The lowest exercise dose (Q1) significantly reduced CVD and CVRF prevalence, but the largest reductions were found at 764 to 1091 MET-min/wk for CVD (adjusted odds ratio=0.31; 95% CI, 0.20-0.48) and CVRFs (adjusted odds ratio=0.36; 95% CI, 0.28-0.47). The CVD/CVRF prevalence did not further decrease in higher exercise dose groups. Exercise intensity did not influence the relationship between exercise patterns and CVD or CVRFs. CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrate a curvilinear relationship between lifelong exercise patterns and cardiovascular morbidity. Low exercise doses can effectively reduce CVD/CVRF prevalence, but engagement in exercise for 764 to 1091 MET-min/wk is associated with the lowest CVD/CVRF prevalence. Higher exercise doses do not yield additional benefits.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||11 Medical And Health Sciences|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine|
|Divisions:||Sport & Exercise Sciences|
|Date Deposited:||27 Jun 2016 09:50|
|Last Modified:||27 Jun 2016 09:50|
|DOI or Identification number:||10.1016/j.mayocp.2016.02.028|
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