Eijsvogels, TM and George, KP and Thompson, PD (2016) Cardiovascular benefits and risks across the physical activity continuum. Current Opinions in Cardiology, 31 (5). pp. 566-571. ISSN 0268-4705
HCO310505 Eijsvogels MS - clean copy.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 1 September 2017.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Habitual physical activity can reduce the risk of future cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This review evaluates recent publications that have assessed the impact of the dose of physical (in)activity on cardiovascular outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Sedentary behavior, characterized by prolonged sitting, is increasingly prevalent across the globe and increases the risk for cardiovascular events in a dose-dependent fashion. Similarly, the number of individuals performing endurance exercise events has tripled over the last 2 decades, and some studies suggest that the high volumes of exercise training and competition may attenuate the health benefits of a physically active lifestyle. SUMMARY: Breaking up sitting time or replacing sitting by (light) physical activity are effective strategies to attenuate its detrimental health effects. Low doses of physical activity, preferably at a high intensity, significantly reduce the risk for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Larger doses of exercise yield larger health benefits. Extreme doses of exercise neither increase nor decrease the risk for adverse outcomes. Athletes demonstrate a transient cardiac dysfunction and biomarker release directly postexercise. Chronic exercise training may increase the risk for atrial fibrillation, but is also associated with a superior life expectancy compared with the general population.
|Additional Information:||This is the accepted version of the following article: Eijsvogels, Thijs M.H.; George, Keith P.; Thompson, Paul D. Cardiovascular benefits and risks across the physical activity continuum. Current Opinion in Cardiology. 31(5):566-571, September 2016.], which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HCO.0000000000000321|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||1102 Cardiovascular Medicine And Haematology|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine|
|Divisions:||Sport & Exercise Sciences|
|Publisher:||Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins|
|Date Deposited:||04 Aug 2016 10:20|
|Last Modified:||21 Apr 2017 11:52|
|DOI or Identification number:||10.1097/HCO.0000000000000321|
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