Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Effect of the look-up line on the gaze and head orientation of elite ice hockey players

Vickers, JN and Causer, J and Stuart, M and Little, E and Dukelow, S and LeVangie, M and Nigg, S and Arsenault, G and Morton, B and Scott, M and Emery, C (2016) Effect of the look-up line on the gaze and head orientation of elite ice hockey players. European Journal of Sport Science. ISSN 1746-1391

[img] Text
Effect of the Look-Up Line on the Gaze, Head Orientation and.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 28 February 2018.

Download (203kB)

Abstract

A “look-up-line” (LUL) has been proposed for ice hockey, which is an orange 1 m (40 in) warning line (WL) painted on the ice at the base of the boards. The LUL purports to provide an early warning to players to keep their head up prior to, and as they are being checked. We determined if players looked-up more on a rink with the LUL compared to a traditional Control rink. Elite offensive (O) and defensive (D) players competed 1 vs 1, while wearing an eye tracker that recorded their quiet eye (QE) and fixation tracking (F-T) and an electro-goniometer that measured head angle. External cameras recorded skate duration during four skate phases: P1 preparation, P2 decision-making, P3 cut to boards, P4 contact. The QE was the final fixation prior to contact between O and D as they skated toward and across the WL during P3 and P4. Skate phase durations (%) did not differ by rink or rink by position. More QE and F-T occurred on the WL on the LUL rink than on the Control. The expected increase in head angle on the LUL rink did not occur during P3 or P4. Post-hoc results also showed O and D skated further from the boards on the LUL rink, suggesting the players preferred to control the puck on white ice, rather than the orange color of the LUL rink. More research is needed to determine if these results apply to the competitive setting.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science, 0913 Mechanical Engineering
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2016 10:49
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2016 10:49
DOI or Identification number: 10.1080/17461391.2016.1220627
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/4081

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item