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Biological correlates of psychopathy: A brief review

Debowska, A and Boduszek, D and Hyland, P and Goodson, S (2014) Biological correlates of psychopathy: A brief review. Mental Health Review Journal, 19 (2). pp. 110-123. ISSN 1361-9322

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Abstract

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to present and provide a critical review of most recent studies inquiring into brain abnormalities in psychopathy.Design/methodology/approach - The authors provide an overview of the findings of neurobiological studies conducted in the last five years. Publications chosen for review were found using Web of Science, PsycINFO and Scopus search engines.Findings - Data in the literature reveal that psychopathy is associated with brain abnormalities in frontal and temporo-limbic regions, i.e. regions responsible for moral decision making, emotional processing and learning. Additionally, interactions between the brain areas have been identified as crucial for the development of psychopathic personality traits. Research findings suggest that the flow of impulses between the frontal cortex and temporo-limbic structures in psychopaths is significantly hindered.Originality/value - The current paper provides an in-depth review of most recent neurobiological studies inquiring into brain abnormalities associated with psychopathic personality traits. Moreover, a particular attention has been paid to identifying abnormalities in brain structures not previously studied in relation to psychopathy (e.g. mirror neuron system, white matter connections). © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: Emerald
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2016 08:39
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2017 17:15
DOI or Identification number: 10.1108/MHRJ-10-2013-0034
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/4121

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