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Movement analysis of lower limb during backward walking with unstable intervention

Ren, XJ and Shu, Y and Gui, Y and Mei, Q and Popik, S and Fernandez, J (2016) Movement analysis of lower limb during backward walking with unstable intervention. Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering, 36 (5). pp. 718-725. ISSN 1609-0985

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Abstract

Backward walking (BW), an emerging rehabilitative and training modality, was integrated with unstable sole construction with various hardness levels to analyze the kinematic and kinetic characteristics of the lower extremities. Eighteen participants volunteered to participate in the test. They performed walking tests under three conditions: 1) BW with normal shoes (NBW); 2) BW with unstable shoes with soft unstable elements (UBW-S); 3) BW with unstable shoes with hard unstable elements (UBW-H). The results show increased hip and ankle flexion and increased knee flexion-extension extent in the stance phase during BW with unstable shoes. The motor control mechanism of unstable BW enhanced the rehabilitation of lower limb deficiency. The attached unstable elements (UBW-S and UBW-H) induced local perturbation to stimulate proprioceptive ability and the neuromuscular system, changing the plantar loading distribution in a certain region. Future study should concentrate on the possible rehabilitative effect of unstable BW on neurological disorders and motor system deficiency.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40846-016-0166-4
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0801 Artificial Intelligence And Image Processing, 0903 Biomedical Engineering, 0906 Electrical And Electronic Engineering
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Maritime and Mechanical Engineering
Publisher: Springer Publishers
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2016 10:53
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2017 09:55
DOI or Identification number: 10.1007/s40846-016-0166-4
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/4190

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