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Risk Modelling and Simulation of Chemical Supply Chains using a System Dynamics Approach

Li, C (2016) Risk Modelling and Simulation of Chemical Supply Chains using a System Dynamics Approach. Doctoral thesis, Liverpool John Moores University.

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Abstract

A chemical supply chain (CSC) presents a network that integrates suppliers, manufacturers, distributors, retailers and customers into one system. The hazards arising from the internal system and the surrounding environment may cause disturbances to material, information and financial flows. Therefore, supply chain members have to implement a variety of methods to prepare for, respond to and recover from potential damages caused by different kinds of hazards. A large number of studies have been devoted to extending the current knowledge and enhancing the implementation of chemical supply chain risk management (CSCRM), to improve both safety and reliability of the CSCRM systems. However, the majority of existing risk management methods fail to address the complex interactions and dynamic feedback effects in the systems, which could significantly affect the risk management outcomes. In order to bridge the gaps, a new CSCRM method based on System Dynamics (SD) is proposed to accommodate the need to describe the connections between risks and their associated changes of system behaviour. The novelty of this method lies not only on providing a valid description of a real system, but also on addressing the interactions of the hazardous events and managerial activities in the systems. In doing so, the risk effects are quantified and assessed in different supply chain levels. Based upon the flexibility of SD modelling processes, the model developer can modify the developed model throughout the model life cycle. Instead of directly assessing different risks and providing arbitrary decisions, the obtained numerical results can offer supportive information for assessing potential risk reduction measures and continuously improving the CSC system performance. To demonstrate the applicability of the newly proposed method, a reputed specialty chemical transportation service provider in China is used and analysed through modelling and simulating the chemical supply chain transportation (CSCT) operations in various scenarios. It offers policy makers and operators insights into the risk-affected CSC operations and CSCRM decision-making processes, thus helping them develop rational risk reduction decisions in a dynamic environment.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Supply chain management; risk mangement; risk modelling and simulation; chemical industry; chemical supply chain; system dynamics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD61 Risk Management
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Maritime and Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2016 10:12
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2016 10:12
Supervisors: Ren, J
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/4254

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