Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Exercise Improves Insulin Sensitivity in the Absence of Changes in Cytokines.

Verheggen, RJ and Poelkens, F and Roerink, SH and Ramakers, RE and Catoire, M and Hermus, AR and Thijssen, DHJ and Hopman, MT (2016) Exercise Improves Insulin Sensitivity in the Absence of Changes in Cytokines. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. ISSN 1530-0315

[img] Text
Thijssen.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (2MB)

Abstract

PURPOSE: The benefits of aerobic exercise training on insulin sensitivity in subjects with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) are, at least in part, associated with changes in cytokines. Recent studies identified novel cytokines (e.g. fractalkine, omentin and osteopontin) that are strongly involved in glucose homeostasis and therefore potentially contribute in the exercise-induced changes in insulin sensitivity. Therefore, we aim to examine changes in skeletal muscle RNA expression and plasma levels of novel cytokines after exercise training, and correlate these changes to the exercise-induced changes in insulin sensitivity. METHODS: Women with the metabolic syndrome (MetS, n=11) and healthy women (n=10) participated in a 6-month aerobic exercise training intervention (3/week, 45min per session at 65%-85% of individual heart rate reserve). Before and after training, we examined insulin sensitivity (M-value during hyperinsulinemic euglycaemic clamp), circulating blood levels of cytokines (venous blood sample; leptin, adiponectin, omentin, fraktalkin, osteopontin). Skeletal muscle RNA-expression of these cytokines (muscle biopsy) was examined in two subgroups (MetS n=6; healthy women n=6). RESULTS: At baseline, plasma levels of omentin (85.8±26.2ng/ml) and adiponectin (5.0±1.7μg/ml) levels were significantly higher in controls compared to MetS (51.1±27.1; 3.6±1.1 respectively), and leptin levels were lower in controls (18.7±11.5ng/ml vs 53.0±23.5). M-value was significantly higher in controls (8.1±1.9mg/kg/min) than in MetS (4.0±1.7). Exercise training significantly improved M-values in both groups (P<0.01). Exercise training did not alter plasma and skeletal muscle RNA-expression levels of cytokines, whilst no correlation was observed between changes in cytokine level/RNA-expression and M-values (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Whilst exercise training successfully improves insulin sensitivity in MetS and healthy women, we found no change in plasma and mRNA expression levels of novel cytokines.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: American College of Sports Medicine
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2016 09:59
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2017 23:50
DOI or Identification number: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001035
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/4265

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item