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Quiet eye facilitates sensorimotor preprograming and online control of precision aiming in golf putting

Causer, J and Hayes, SJ and Hooper, JM and Bennett, SJ (2017) Quiet eye facilitates sensorimotor preprograming and online control of precision aiming in golf putting. Cognitive Processing, 18 (1). pp. 47-54. ISSN 1612-4782

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Abstract

Introduction An occlusion protocol was used to elucidate the respective roles of preprograming and online control during the quiet eye period of golf putting.
Methods Twenty-one novice golfers completed golf putts to 6ft and 11ft targets under full vision or with vision occluded on initiation of the backswing.
Results Radial error (RE) was higher, and quiet eye was longer, when putting to the 11ft vs. 6ft target, and in the occluded vs. full vision condition. Quiet eye duration, as well as preprograming, online and dwell durations, were longer in low-RE compared to high-RE trials. The preprograming component of quiet eye was significantly longer in the occluded vision condition, whereas, the online and dwell components were significantly longer in the full vision condition.
Conclusion The findings demonstrate an increase in preprograming when vision is occluded. However, this was not sufficient to overcome the need for online visual control during the quiet eye period. These findings suggest the quiet eye period is composed of preprograming and online control elements, however, online visual control of action is critical to performance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1701 Psychology, 1702 Cognitive Science, 2203 Philosophy
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2016 11:29
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 13:11
DOI or Identification number: 10.1007/s10339-016-0783-4
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/4719

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