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The unfamiliar face effect on forensic craniofacial reconstruction and recognition.

Lee, W-J and Wilkinson, CM (2016) The unfamiliar face effect on forensic craniofacial reconstruction and recognition. Forensic Science International, 269. pp. 21-30. ISSN 0379-0738

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Abstract

Previous research into the reliability of forensic craniofacial reconstruction (CFR) has focused primarily on the accuracy of reconstructed faces from European or African ancestry skulls. Moreover, the recognition of CFR in relation to the experience and ancestry of the practitioners and the assessors has not been previously considered. The cross-race effect is a recognised phenomenon in psychology studies, where familiar ancestry faces are recognised more readily than unfamiliar ancestry faces, but there is a paucity of research addressing the relationship between the accuracy of reconstructed faces and the familiarity with this ancestry by the practitioners/assessors. The aims of this research were to investigate whether 'unfamiliar-race effect' has any influence on the accuracy of CFR and to evaluate how much the correct recognition rate of CFR is affected by the cross-race effect. Eight CFRs from three ancestry groups were produced by experienced practitioners in order to explore the aims. The results demonstrated that practitioners produced more recognisable CFRs using skulls from a familiar ancestry than skulls from unfamiliar ancestries.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: MD Multidisciplinary
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1001 Forensic Medicine. Medical jurisprudence. Legal medicine
Divisions: Liverpool School of Art and Design
Publisher: Elsevier
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Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2017 11:29
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2017 00:50
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2016.11.003
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/4976

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