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A Friendly Relationship between Endophytic Fungi and Medicinal Plants: A Systematic Review

Jia, M and Chen, L and Xin, H-L and Zheng, C-J and Rahman, K and Han, T and Qin, L-P (2016) A Friendly Relationship between Endophytic Fungi and Medicinal Plants: A Systematic Review. Frontiers in Microbiology, 7. ISSN 1664-302X

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Abstract

Endophytic fungi or endophytes exist widely inside the healthy tissues of living plants, and are important components of plant micro-ecosystems. Over the long period of evolution, some co-existing endophytes and their host plants have established a special relationship with one and another, which can significantly influence the formation of metabolic products in plants, then affect quality and quantity of crude drugs derived from medicinal plants. This paper will focus on the increasing knowledge of relationships between endophytic fungi and medicinal plants through reviewing of published research data obtained from the last 30 years. The analytical results indicate that the distribution and population structure of endophytes can be considerably affected by factors, such as the genetic background, age, and environmental conditions of their hosts. On the other hand, the endophytic fungi can also confer profound impacts on their host plants by enhancing their growth, increasing their fitness, strengthening their tolerances to abiotic and biotic stresses, and promoting their accumulation of secondary metabolites. All the changes are very important for the production of bioactive components in their hosts. Hence, it is essential to understand such relationships between endophytic fungi and their host medicinal plants. Such knowledge can be well exploited and applied for the production of better and more drugs from medicinal plants.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. it is reproduced with permission.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Science & Technology; Life Sciences & Biomedicine; Microbiology; endophytic fungi; medicinal plant; population structure; plant-microbe interaction; secondary metabolite; CHINENSIS VAR. MAIREI; LEAF-SPOT FUNGUS; TAXUS-CHINENSIS; ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY; SECONDARY METABOLITES; ATRACTYLODES-LANCEA; TAXOL PRODUCTION; FUSARIUM-SOLANI; GINKGO-BILOBA; HIMALAYAN YEW
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Frontiers Media
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Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2017 12:09
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2017 02:11
DOI or Identification number: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.00906
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5174

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