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Adapting to ageing: a mixed methods study of the role of Selection, Optimisation and Compensation in the maintenance of high wellbeing

Carpentieri, JD and Elliott, J and Brett, CE and Deary, IJ (2016) Adapting to ageing: a mixed methods study of the role of Selection, Optimisation and Compensation in the maintenance of high wellbeing. Journals of Gerontology, Series B. ISSN 1758-5368

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Abstract

Objectives: Selection, Optimization and Compensation (SOC) may contribute to successful aging by helping older people maximize wellbeing in the context of physical decline. To explore this hypothesis, and to investigate the potential for narrative analysis to improve understanding of SOC, we analyze interviews conducted with 15 members of the 6-Day Sample, a cohort of Scots born in 1936.
Method: Interviewees were chosen based on their physical function and wellbeing scores. Interviews were analyzed to investigate ‘SOC talk’, i.e. older people’s talk about SOC behaviors in everyday life. Types and amounts of SOC talk were quantified, and talk was narratively analyzed. We hypothesized that older people who engaged in more SOC talk would have higher wellbeing.
Results: Older people who engaged in high levels of SOC talk had high wellbeing despite low physical function. Those who engaged in little SOC talk had low wellbeing despite higher physical function.
Discussion: The concept of successful aging is valuable in part because of its narrative quality: one must strive to keep one’s life story developing despite physical decline and other losses. We provide evidence, from the perspectives of older people themselves, of the ways in which SOC may play a role in that process.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Journals of Gerontology, Series B following peer review. The version of record J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci (2016) doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbw132 First published online: October 21, 2016 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbw132
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1103 Clinical Sciences, 1701 Psychology, 1608 Sociology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2017 08:55
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2017 08:55
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/geronb/gbw132
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5210

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