Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Vascular Function and Structure in Veteran Athletes after Myocardial Infarction.

Maessen, MF and Eijsvogels, TM and Hijmans-Kersten, BT and Grotens, A and Schreuder, TH and Hopman, MT and Thijssen, DHJ (2017) Vascular Function and Structure in Veteran Athletes after Myocardial Infarction. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 49 (1). pp. 21-28. ISSN 1530-0315

[img] Text
Vascular Function and Structure in Veteran Athletes after Myocardial Infarction..pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 1 January 2018.

Download (518kB)

Abstract

PURPOSE: Although athletes demonstrate lower cardiovascular risk and superior vascular function compared with sedentary peers, they are not exempted from cardiac events (i.e., myocardial infarction [MI]). The presence of an MI is associated with increased cardiovascular risk and impaired vascular function. We tested the hypothesis that lifelong exercise training in post-MI athletes, similar as in healthy controls, is associated with a superior peripheral vascular function and structure compared with a sedentary lifestyle in post-MI individuals. METHODS: We included 18 veteran athletes (ATH) (>20 yr) and 18 sedentary controls (SED). To understand the effect of lifelong exercise training after MI, we included 20 veteran post-MI athletes (ATH + MI) and 19 sedentary post-MI controls (SED + MI). Participants underwent comprehensive assessment using vascular ultrasound (vascular stiffness, intima-media thickness, and endothelium (in)dependent mediated dilatation). Lifetime risk score was calculated for a 30-yr risk prediction of cardiovascular disease mortality of the participants. RESULTS: ATH demonstrated a lower vascular stiffness and smaller femoral intima-media thickness compared with SED. Vascular function and structure did not differ between ATH + MI and SED + MI. ATH (4.0% ± 5.1%) and ATH + MI (6.1% ± 3.7%) had a significantly better lifetime risk score compared with their sedentary peers (SED: 6.9% ± 3.7% and SED + MI: 9.3% ± 4.8%). ATH + MI had no secondary events versus two recurrent MI and six elective percutaneous coronary interventions within SED + MI (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Although veteran post-MI athletes did not have a superior peripheral vascular function and structure compared with their sedentary post-MI peers, benefits of lifelong exercise training in veteran post-MI athletes relate to a better cardiovascular risk profile and lower occurrence of secondary events.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: American College of Sports Medicine
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2017 12:30
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 13:16
DOI or Identification number: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001075
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5224

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item