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Genomic Signatures of Historical Allopatry and Ecological Divergence in an Island Lizard

Brown, RP and Paterson, S and Risse, J (2016) Genomic Signatures of Historical Allopatry and Ecological Divergence in an Island Lizard. Genome Biology and Evolution, 8 (11). pp. 3618-3626. ISSN 1759-6653

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Abstract

Geographical variation amongcontiguouspopulations is frequently attributed to ecological divergence or historical isolation followed by secondary contact.Distinguishing between these effects is key to studies of incipient speciation and could be revealed by different genomic signatures. We used RAD-seq analyses to examine morphologically divergent populations of the endemic lizard (Gallotia galloti) from the volcanic island of Tenerife. Previous analyses have suggested ecological and historical causes to explain the morphological diversity. Analyses of 276,483 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from>20 Mbp of the genome revealed one genetically divergent population from Anaga, a region associated with divergent mtDNA lineages in other Tenerife endemics. This population also has a high number of private alleles, and its divergence can be explained by historical isolation. Bayesian outlier analyses identified a small proportion of SNPs as candidates for selection (0.04%) which were strongly differentiated between xeric andmesic habitat types. Individual testing for specific xeric–mesic selection using an alternative approach also supported ecological divergence in a similarly small proportion of SNPs. The study indicates the roles of both historical isolation and ecological divergence in shaping genomic diversity in G. galloti.However, north–southmorphological divergence appears solely associated with the latter and likely involves a relatively small proportion of the genome.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Genome Biology and Evolution following peer review. The version of record is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gbe/evw268
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0604 Genetics, 0603 Evolutionary Biology
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2017 10:23
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 15:06
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/gbe/evw268
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5245

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