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Appraisal of traditional and recently proposed relationships between the hard and soft dimensions of the nose in profile

Rynn, C and Wilkinson, CM (2006) Appraisal of traditional and recently proposed relationships between the hard and soft dimensions of the nose in profile. Amercian Journal of Physical Anthropology, 130 (3). pp. 364-373. ISSN 0002-9483

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Abstract

This paper tests six methods of predicting external nasal profile proportions, using the form and dimensions of the bony nasal (piriform) aperture. A sample of 122 lateral cephalograms was measured and traced before each method was attempted, under blind conditions where appropriate. Error was assessed by comparing predicted to actual proportions. Methods used by the following authors were tested: Krogman and Iscan (1986 The Human Skeleton in Forensic Medicine, Springfield: C.C. Thomas), Gerasimov (1955 The Reconstruction of the Face on the Skull), Prokopec and Ubelaker (2002 Forensic Sci. Commun. 4:1–4), Macho (1986 J. Forensic Sci. 31:1391–1403), George (1987 J. Forensic Sci. 32:1305–1330), and Stephan et al. (2003 Am J. Phys. Anthropol. 122:240–250). The two-tangent method by Gerasimov (1955 The Reconstruction of the Face on the Skull) was found to perform best at predicting a point on the nasal tip on male and female preoperative subjects. The method of Krogman and Iscan (1986 The Human Skeleton in Forensic Medicine, Springfield: C.C. Thomas) performed poorly, as did the nasal profile determination method (Prokopec and Ubelaker 2002 Forensic Sci. Commun. 4:1–4). The other methods, all derived by a process of regression calculations, were shown to perform with variable accuracy on this sample, despite the age range and ethnicity of this sample closely resembling that of the samples from which these methods were derived.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Rynn, C. and Wilkinson, C. M. (2006), Appraisal of traditional and recently proposed relationships between the hard and soft dimensions of the nose in profile. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 130: 364–373. doi:10.1002/ajpa.20337, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.20337. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving."
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0603 Evolutionary Biology, 1601 Anthropology, 2101 Archaeology
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Divisions: Liverpool School of Art and Design
Publisher: Wiley
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2017 09:32
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 13:18
DOI or Identification number: 10.1002/ajpa.20337
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5340

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