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Assessing the impact of laws controlling the online availability of 25I-NBOMe, AH-7921, MDPV and MXE – outcomes of a semi-automated e-shop monitoring

Belackova, V and Pazitny, M and Drapalova, E and Martinez, M and van der Gouwe, D and Begley, EK and Kidawa, M and Tomkova, A and Kmetonynova, D (2017) Assessing the impact of laws controlling the online availability of 25I-NBOMe, AH-7921, MDPV and MXE – outcomes of a semi-automated e-shop monitoring. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy (1-9). ISSN 0968-7637

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Abstract

Aims: The indicator of availability has been used in the risk assessment (RA) of new psychoactive substances (NPS). This paper aims to examine the pre- and post-control availability of 25INBOMe, AH-7921, MDPV and MXE, which were assessed by the EMCDDA. Methods: Data were collected by a semi-automated software tool (I-TREND SASF) on e-shops in national languages (Czech, French, Dutch, Polish and English) that offered shipping of these compounds into the respective countries; frequency analysis was used. Findings: The number of e-shops selling these substances decreased between III/2014 and XII/2015 (except for AH-7921). Both increases and decreases were found on the country-level for all the compounds (except for an overall decrease for MXE). In one instance an NPS disappeared from this market in 2015 (25I-NBOMe in NL); 25I-NBOMe and AH-7921 in France and AH-7921 in Poland appeared for the first time in 2015 after they were put under control. The e-shops listing AH-7921, 25I-NBOMe and MDPV in XII/2015 ranked higher in terms of ‘‘popularity’’ than in III/2014. The IP addresses were more likely to be outside the EU in 2015 than in 2014. Conclusions: We found no evidence that national-level compound bans contributed to the changes in online NPS markets. Indicators of the accessibility, availability, popularity, and IP origin should be considered in RA. Data triangulation with street markets and the darknet is needed as well as more research into the ‘‘displacement’’ and ‘‘replacement’’ effects of control laws.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: “This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy on January 18th 2017available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09687637.2016.1275526
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1117 Public Health And Health Services
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1001 Forensic Medicine. Medical jurisprudence. Legal medicine
Divisions: Public Health Institute
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2017 09:12
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 06:07
DOI or Identification number: 10.1080/09687637.2016.1275526
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5432

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