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Changes in Cognition over a 16.1 km Cycling Time Trial using Think Aloud Protocol: Preliminary Evidence.

Whitehead, AE and Jones, HS and Williams, EL and Dowling, C and Morley, D and Taylor, JA and Polman, RC (2017) Changes in Cognition over a 16.1 km Cycling Time Trial using Think Aloud Protocol: Preliminary Evidence. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. ISSN 1557-251X

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Abstract

Objectives: This study investigated cognitions of cyclists during a competitive time trial (TT) event using Think Aloud (TA) protocol analysis. Design: Single group, observational design. Method: Fifteen male and three female cyclists from the North West of England verbalised their thoughts throughout an outdoor competitive 16.1 km cycling time trial (Level 2 TA). Verbalisations were recorded using iVue Horizon 1080P camera glasses. Data was transcribed verbatim, analysed using deductive content analysis and grouped into themes: (i) Pain And Discomfort (Fatigue, Pain), (ii) External Feedback (Time, Speed, Heart Rate), (iii) Environment (Surroundings, Traffic and Other Cyclists), (iv) Pace and Distance (Pace, Distance). The number of verbalisations within each theme were analysed by distance quartile using Friedman tests to examine changes in cognitions over time. Results: Associative themes, including Fatigue and Pain, were verbalised more frequently in the earlier stages of the TT and less in the final quartile, whereas verbalisations about Distance significantly increased in the last quartile. Conclusions: This study demonstrates how a novel data collection method can capture in-event cognitions of endurance athletes. It provides an important extension to previous literature, showing how individuals may process and attend to information over time during an exercise bout. Future research should establish the relationship between performance and cognitive processes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology on 20th February 2017, available online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1612197X.2017.1292302
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1701 Psychology, 1702 Cognitive Science, 1302 Curriculum And Pedagogy
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2017 16:52
Last Modified: 10 May 2017 10:18
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5446

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