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State-of-the-Art Methods for Skeletal Muscle Glycogen Analysis in Athletes - The Need for Novel Non-Invasive Techniques

Greene, J and Korostynska, O and Louis, J and Mason, A (2017) State-of-the-Art Methods for Skeletal Muscle Glycogen Analysis in Athletes - The Need for Novel Non-Invasive Techniques. Biosensors, 7 (1). ISSN 2079-6374

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Abstract

Muscle glycogen levels have a profound impact on an athlete’s sporting performance, thus measurement is vital. Carbohydrate manipulation is a fundamental component in an athlete’s lifestyle and is a critical part of elite performance, since it can provide necessary training adaptations. This paper provides a critical review of the current invasive and non-invasive methods for measuring skeletal muscle glycogen levels. These include, the gold standard muscle biopsy, histochemical analysis, magnetic resonance spectroscopy and musculoskeletal high frequency ultrasound, as well as pursuing future application of electromagnetic sensors in the pursue of portable non-invasive quantification of muscle glycogen. This paper will be of interest to researchers who wish to understand the current and most appropriate techniques in measuring skeletal muscle glycogen and to seek understanding in the need for development in equipment which can be used in, e.g., elite sporting competition and improve physiological training adaptations to carbohydrate manipulation.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Built Environment
Civil Engineering
Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: MDPI AG
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2017 09:53
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2017 17:53
DOI or Identification number: 10.3390/bios7010011
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5662

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