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GRB 140606B/iPTF14bfu: Detection of shock-breakout emission from a cosmological γ -ray burst?

Cano, Z and de Ugarte Postigo, A and Perley, DA and Krühler, T and Margutti, R and Friis, M and Malesani, D and Jakobsson, P and Fynbo, JPU and Gorosabel, J and Hjorth, J and Sánchez-Ramírez, R and Schulze, S and Tanvir, NR and Thöne, CC and Xu, D (2015) GRB 140606B/iPTF14bfu: Detection of shock-breakout emission from a cosmological γ -ray burst? Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 452 (2). pp. 1535-1552. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

We present optical and near-infrared photometry of GRB 140606B (z = 0.384), and optical photometry and spectroscopy of its associated supernova (SN). The results of our modelling indicate that the bolometric properties of the SN (M<inf>Ni</inf> = 0.4 ± 0.2 M·, M<inf>ej</inf> = 5 ± 2 M·, and EK = 2 ± 1 × 10<sup>52</sup> erg) are fully consistent with the statistical averages determined for other γ -ray burst (GRB)-SNe. However, in terms of its γ -ray emission, GRB 140606B is an outlier of the Amati relation, and occupies the same region as low luminosity (ll) and short GRBs. The γ -ray emission in llGRBs is thought to arise in some or all events from a shock breakout (SBO), rather than from a jet. The measured peak photon energy (E<inf>p</inf> ≈ 800 keV) is close to that expected for γ -rays created by an SBO (≳ 1 MeV). Moreover, based on its position in theMV ,p-L<inf>iso,γ</inf> plane and the E<inf>K</inf>-Γβ plane, GRB 140606B has properties similar to both SBO-GRBs and jetted-GRBs. Additionally, we searched for correlations between the isotropic γ -ray emission and the bolometric properties of a sample of GRB-SNe, finding that no statistically significant correlation is present. The average kinetic energy of the sample is Ē<inf>K</inf> = 2.1 × 1052 erg. All of the GRB-SNe in our sample, with the exception of SN 2006aj, are within this range, which has implications for the total energy budget available to power both the relativistic and non-relativistic components in a GRB-SN event. © 2015 The Authors.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2015 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical And Space Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2017 09:37
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2017 09:37
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/mnras/stv1327
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5696

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