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Service evaluation of the GOALS family-based childhood obesity treatment intervention during the first 3 years of implementation.

Watson, PM and Dugdill, L and Pickering, K and Owen, S and Hargreaves, J and Staniford, LJ and Murphy, RC and Knowles, ZR and Cable, NT (2015) Service evaluation of the GOALS family-based childhood obesity treatment intervention during the first 3 years of implementation. BMJ Open, 5 (2). pp. 1-14. ISSN 2044-6055

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of the GOALS (Getting Our Active Lifestyles Started) family-based childhood obesity treatment intervention during the first 3 years of implementation. DESIGN: Single-group repeated measures with qualitative questionnaires. SETTING: Community venues in a socioeconomically deprived, urban location in the North-West of England. PARTICIPANTS: 70 overweight or obese children (mean age 10.5 years, 46% boys) and their parents/carers who completed GOALS between September 2006 and March 2009. INTERVENTIONS: GOALS was a childhood obesity treatment intervention that drew on social cognitive theory to promote whole family lifestyle change. Sessions covered physical activity (PA), diet and behaviour change over 18 2 h weekly group sessions (lasting approximately 6 months). A Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist of intervention components is provided. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was child body mass index (BMI) z-score, collected at baseline, post-intervention and 12 months. Secondary outcome measures were child self-perceptions, parent/carer BMI and qualitative changes in family diet and PA (parent/carer questionnaire). RESULTS: Child BMI z-score reduced by 0.07 from baseline to post-intervention (p<0.001) and was maintained at 12 months (p<0.05). There was no change in parent/carer BMI or child self-perceptions, other than an increase in perceived social acceptance from baseline to post-intervention (p<0.05). Parents/carers reported positive changes to family PA and dietary behaviours after completing GOALS. CONCLUSIONS: GOALS completion was associated with small improvements in child BMI z-score and improved family PA and dietary behaviours. Several intervention modifications were necessary during the implementation period and it is suggested childhood obesity treatment interventions need time to embed before a definitive evaluation is conducted. Researchers are urged to use the TIDieR checklist to ensure transparent reporting of interventions and facilitate the translation of evidence to practice.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: behaviour change; childhood obesity; diet; evaluation; family; physical activity
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: BMJ Publishing
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2015 09:18
Last Modified: 14 May 2015 08:54
DOI or Identification number: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006519
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/585

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