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Systematic review of physical activity and exercise interventions to improve health, fitness and well-being of children and young people who use wheelchairs.

O'Brien, TD and Noyes, J and Spencer, LH and Kubis, H-P and Hastings, RP and Whitaker, R (2016) Systematic review of physical activity and exercise interventions to improve health, fitness and well-being of children and young people who use wheelchairs. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 2 (1). ISSN 2055-7647

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Abstract

AIM: To perform a systematic review establishing the current evidence base for physical activity and exercise interventions that promote health, fitness and well-being, rather than specific functional improvements, for children who use wheelchairs. DESIGN: A systematic review using a mixed methods design. DATA SOURCES: A wide range of databases, including Web of Science, PubMed, BMJ Best Practice, NHS EED, CINAHL, AMED, NICAN, PsychINFO, were searched for quantitative, qualitative and health economics evidence. ELIGIBILITY: participants: children/young people aged >25 years who use a wheelchair, or parents and therapists/carers. Intervention: home-based or community-based physical activity to improve health, fitness and well-being. RESULTS: Thirty quantitative studies that measured indicators of health, fitness and well-being and one qualitative study were included. Studies were very heterogeneous preventing a meta-analysis, and the risk of bias was generally high. Most studies focused on children with cerebral palsy and used an outcome measure of walking or standing, indicating that they were generally designed for children with already good motor function and mobility. Improvements in health, fitness and well-being were found across the range of outcome types. There were no reports of negative changes. No economics evidence was found. CONCLUSIONS: It was found that children who use wheelchairs can participate in physical activity interventions safely. The paucity of robust studies evaluating interventions to improve health and fitness is concerning. This hinders adequate policymaking and guidance for practitioners, and requires urgent attention. However, the evidence that does exist suggests that children who use wheelchairs are able to experience the positive benefits associated with appropriately designed exercise. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42013003939.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Children; Disability; Exercise; Fit; Wheelchair
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV561 Sports
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: BMJ Group Ltd
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2017 10:17
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 08:26
DOI or Identification number: 10.1136/bmjsem-2016-000109
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/6039

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