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Cooling interventions for athletes: An overview of effectiveness, physiological mechanisms, and practical considerations.

Bongers, CCWG and Hopman, MTE and Eijsvogels, TMH (2017) Cooling interventions for athletes: An overview of effectiveness, physiological mechanisms, and practical considerations. Temperature, 4 (1). pp. 1-19. ISSN 2332-8940

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Abstract

Exercise-induced increases in core body temperature could negative impact performance and may lead to development of heat-related illnesses. The use of cooling techniques prior (pre-cooling), during (per-cooling) or directly after (post-cooling) exercise may limit the increase in core body temperature and therefore improve exercise performance. The aim of the present review is to provide a comprehensive overview of current scientific knowledge in the field of pre-cooling, per-cooling and post-cooling. Based on existing studies, we will discuss 1) the effectiveness of cooling interventions, 2) the underlying physiological mechanisms and 3) practical considerations regarding the use of different cooling techniques. Furthermore, we tried to identify the optimal cooling technique and compared whether cooling-induced performance benefits are different between cool, moderate and hot ambient conditions. This article provides researchers, physicians, athletes and coaches with important information regarding the implementation of cooling techniques to maintain exercise performance and to successfully compete in thermally stressful conditions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: core body temperature; exercise performance; mid-cooling; per-cooling; post-cooling; pre-cooling; thermoregulation
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV561 Sports
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2017 08:54
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 20:12
DOI or Identification number: 10.1080/23328940.2016.1277003
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/6150

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