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Evolution of long-lived globular cluster stars IV. Initial helium content and white-dwarf properties

Chantereau, W and Charbonnel, C and Meynet, G (2017) Evolution of long-lived globular cluster stars IV. Initial helium content and white-dwarf properties. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 602. ISSN 0004-6361

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Abstract

Context. Globular clusters host stars with chemical peculiarities. The associated helium enrichment is expected to affect the evolution of stars, in general, and of low-mass stars, and in particular the progenitors of white dwarfs (WDs). Aims. We investigate the effects of different initial helium contents on the properties of white dwarfs such as their masses, compositions, and the time since their formation. Results. In a globular cluster at a given age, the He enrichment implies lower initial masses for stars at a given phase. Thus it leads to a decrease of the masses of white dwarfs reaching the cooling sequence. In addition the He enrichment increases the total mass and number of white dwarfs and eventually allows the presence of He white dwarf from single progenitors. Conclusions. The low He enrichment determined in most globular clusters with different methods results in negligible effects on the white dwarf properties. However, in the few globular clusters that display a high He enrichment, this may significantly affect the characteristics of the white dwarfs. In NGC 2808 and {\omega} Centauri the high He enrichment even leads to the formation of He white dwarfs from single He-rich progenitors. Therefore investigating the white dwarf mass domain in globular clusters with a high He enrichment would provide an additional indirect way to measure and constrain the He enrichment degree.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: astro-ph.SR; astro-ph.SR; astro-ph.GA
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: EDP Sciences
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Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2017 10:45
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2017 12:52
DOI or Identification number: 10.1051/0004-6361/201730537
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/6311

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