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A physically motivated classification of stripped-envelope supernovae

Prentice, SJ and Mazzali, PA (2017) A physically motivated classification of stripped-envelope supernovae. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

The classification of stripped-envelope supernovae (SE-SNe) is revisited using modern data-sets. Spectra are analysed using an empirical method to “blindly” categorise SNe according to spectral feature strength and appearance. This method makes a clear distinction between SNe that are He-rich (IIb/Ib) and He-poor (Ic) and further analysis is performed on each subgroup. For He-rich SNe the presence of H becomes the focus. The strength, velocity, and ratio between absorption and emission of Hα is measured, along with additional analysis of He I lines, in order to categorise the SNe. The He-poor SNe are ordered according to the number of absorption features N present in the spectra, which is a measure of the degree of line blending. The kinetic energy per unit mass Ek/Mej is strongly affected by mass at high velocity and such situations principally occur when the outer density profile of the ejecta is shallow, leading to the blending of lines. Using the results, the existing SE-SN taxonomic scheme is adapted. He-rich SNe are split into four groups, IIb, IIb(I), Ib(II), and Ib, which represent H-rich to H-poor SNe. The SNe Ic category of broad-lined Ic (Ic-BL) is abandoned in favour of quantifying the line blending via <N > before peak. To better reflect the physical parameters of the explosions, the velocity of Si II at peak and the half-luminosity decay time t+1/2 are included to give SNe Ic a designation of Ic-<N > (v p, SiII/t+1/2).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2017 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical And Space Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2017 10:25
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2017 00:06
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/mnras/stx980
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/6319

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