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Human occupation of the northern Arabian interior during early Marine Isotope Stage 3

Jennings, RP and Parton, A and Clark-Balzan, L and White, TS and Groucutt, HS and Breeze, PS and Parker, AG and Drake, NA and Petraglia, MD (2016) Human occupation of the northern Arabian interior during early Marine Isotope Stage 3. Journal of Quarternary Science, 31 (8). pp. 953-966. ISSN 0267-8179

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Abstract

The early part of Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 3 (ca. 60–50 ka) is a crucial period for studying human demography and behaviour in south-west Asia, and how these relate to climatic changes. However, the archaeological and palaeoenvironmental records for MIS 3 in critical areas such as the Arabian Peninsula remain poorly developed. Here, we present findings from the Al Marrat basin in the Nefud desert, which provides the first clear evidence for both increased humidity and human occupation of the interior of northern Arabia during early MIS 3. A Middle Palaeolithic assemblage, dated by optically stimulated luminescence to ca. 55 ka, was found stratified within a sequence of relict palustrine deposits indicative of shallow water body formation in the Al Marrat basin. Hominin presence in northern Arabia at this time coincides with the intensification and northward displacement of monsoon rainfall systems during a period of maximum insolation. These findings add to a growing corpus of palaeoenvironmental evidence, which indicates that the Arabian interior was neither arid nor unpopulated during early MIS 3, and that hydrodynamic responses to enhanced moisture availability facilitated demographic expansions into the Arabian interior.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted version of the following article: Jennings, R. P., Parton, A., Clark-Balzan, L., White, T. S., Groucutt, H. S., Breeze, P. S., Parker, A. G., Drake, N. A. and Petraglia, M. D. (2016), Human occupation of the northern Arabian interior during early Marine Isotope Stage 3. J. Quaternary Sci., 31: 953–966, e2920. doi:10.1002/jqs.2920, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jqs.2920
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0403 Geology, 0406 Physical Geography And Environmental Geoscience, 2101 Archaeology
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: Wiley
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2017 08:41
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2017 08:41
DOI or Identification number: 10.1002/jqs.2920
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/6560

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